Terpenes and Terpenoids
A terpene is a kind of aromatic molecule that you will find in different plant resins. There are thousands of terpenes that you will find all throughout the plant world, with more than 100 different compounds that can be consulted in the cannabis plant alone.
When a cannabis plant starts to mature from fertility into senescence, the resins that have the terpenes will change in both viscosity and composition. The cannabis terpenes will usually be divided into two main chemical classifications, with one being monoterpenes and the other being sesquiterpenes, with the former being a more volatile one.
Terpenes make up the range of flavors and smell of cannabis flowers and extracts, providing notable aromas for all of the various cannabis varieties. Some of the psychological and medical benefits that are found in cannabis have been said to be attributed to the terpenes.
Certain environmental and genetic factors, along with the process for drying and curing, will determine the kinds and levels of the terpenes that are present in any usable cannabis.
A terpene analysis will be both a scientifically valid and cost-effective way of assisting with the identification and understanding of strains. Terpenes have even been called the fingerprints of cannabis, where each strain will have its blend of different terpene compounds. If you have a terpene profile from a laboratory, you will have a better understanding of the different tastes, aromas and the physiological effects of each strain for classification purposes.
Terpenes and Terpenoids
The terpene profiles can be used by the growers, dispensaries, and by patients for some reasons, including:
– Terpene profiling for understanding the different characteristics of cannabis, such as the flavors and smells
– Terpene makeup as well as proportion, which can be used to help identify and then classify the different strains
– Terpene testing, where the results can then be used with the various cannabinoid profiles for recommendation and health benefits study.
The terpenes are natural compounds that come along with a range of health benefits. Not only do they influence the taste and aroma, but they also impact the intensity and the longevity of cannabis. Researchers have proven that terpenes can also cut back on harmful effects of cannabinoids, like anxiety. They will act synergistically to help enhance positive effects for the reduction of pain and inflammation, retarding the growth of cancer tumors and inhibiting depression.
In some studies, terpenes have been showing to offer symptomatic relief that may vary from one individual to the next.
* These statements have not been FDA evaluated and nor should they be intended for use to diagnose, prevent, treat or try to cure any disease.
Top 10 Terpenes
Flavor / Aroma – Citrus.
Medicinal Uses – Limonene can be used to help promote weight loss, prevent and treat cancer, and treat bronchitis. It can also be used to make ointments and medicinal creams that penetrate the skin better.
Strain – Perhaps you know Super Lemon Haze gets it’s name partially from the aroma, but did you know the smell is present because it contain’s Limonene?
Myrcene terpenes marijuana
Flavor / Aroma – Earthy and musky with a hint of fruity flavors.
Medicinal Uses – Myrcene has been shown to be an effective anti inflammatory. It also works as a sedative and muscle relaxer. This could possible contribute to the tired/stoney feeling often attributed to indicas.
Strain – A Swiss study found that most of the strains they tested contains high levels of myrcene. One strain they tested, Lovrin 110, contained over 65% myrcene.
Linalool terpene ganja
Flavor / Aroma – Floral with a hint of spice. In addition to cannabis, linalool can be found in an array of flowers,mint, cinnamon, and even some fungi.
Medicinal Uses – Can be used as an anti inflammatory. It also helps to modulate motor movements. Another study found that Linalool could be used to help treat liver cancer.
Strain – A lab tested sample of Amnesia Haze showed slightly over 1% linalool.
chamomile alpha bisabolol terpene
4. Alpha Bisabolol
Flavor / Aroma – Floral. Alpha bisabolol is also found in chamomile.
Medicinal Uses – Can be used to heal wounds, fights bacteria, and can be used a deodorizer. Research suggests alpha bisabolol has been effective in treating a variety of inflammations.
Strain – The Werc Shop analyzed a strain called ‘Oracle’ and found high levels of alpha bisabolol.
Delta 3 Carene marijuana terpene pine woods
5. Delta 3 Carene
Flavor / Aroma – Piney / earthy.
Medicinal Uses – Studies have found Delta 3 Carene to be an effective anti inflammatory. It is also known to dry fluids like tears, running noses, and menstrual flows.
Strain – A research study examined 162 marijuana plants, which represented over 80 strains. They detected carene in many of the samples.
Borneol terpene earthy weed
Flavor / Aroma – Earthy and camphor.
Medicinal Uses – Borneol can be used as an analgesic, anti-insomnia, anti-septic, and bronchodilator.
Strain – Dr. Mariano García de Palau claims that haze strains such as K13 contain high amounts of borneol.
Alpha Pinene Beta Pinene terpene cannabis
7. Alpha-Pinene / Beta-Pinene
Flavor / Aroma – Pine. This is, of course, partially where pine trees get their scent from.
Medicinal Uses – Pinene has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties.
Strain – One study examined 16 marijuana plants and found all the strains contained notable amounts of alpha-pinene and beta-pinene.
Eucalyptol terpene marijuana
Flavor / Aroma – Pine, clove.
Medicinal Uses – Studies suggest cannabis-extracted terpineol contains antioxidant properties.
Strain – A marijuana testing lab claims terpineol is a unique terpene found in Jack Herer and Jack crossbreeds.
Caryophyllene terpene marijuana
Flavor / Aroma – Hoppy. Cannabis and hops are basically cousins.
Medicinal Uses – Studies suggest that caryophyllene may help treat anxiety and depression.
Strain – Green House Seeds tested a hydroponic and a soil-grown specimen of Train Wreck. They found the soil grown cannabis contained .33% caryophyllene. The hydronic only contained .07% caryophyllene.
Cineole terpene marijuana
Flavor / Aroma – Herbal.
Medicinal Uses – Camphene has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and antibiotic characteristics.
Strain – One study suggests camphene is significantly higher in concentration among ‘mostly indica’ strains.